As these vehicles account for 16% of accident deaths on Europe's roads, but only 2% of road traffic, MEPs approved more stringent safety requirements for them, as well as tougher emission targets.
Under the new rules, anti-lock braking systems (ABS) will have to be fitted to all " motorbikes over 125 cc, while ABS or combined brake systems (CBS) could be fitted to smaller ones (under 125 cc), including scooters.
By the end of 2019, the Commission should present a cost-effectiveness analysis, with recommendations as to whether the rules should be revised to make ABS mandatory for smaller motorbikes, too.
MEPs also welcomed the measures to improve the visibility of motorbikes and riders by introducing automatic switching-on of lighting when the engine starts.
As L-category vehicles emit disproportionally large amounts of pollutants the European Parliament voted to extend Euro 4 emissions standards to motorbikes from 2016, mopeds from 2017 and Euro 5 standards to all two- or three-wheel vehicles from 2020.
MEPs also backed the gradual introduction of increasingly advanced On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) systems, to monitor malfunctions and hence make information on emissions easily available so that the bike can be repaired promptly.
The new regulation has to be formally approved by EU member states. It will apply only to new two- or three-wheel vehicles and quads sold from 2016.