Hi-resolution image recognition for driver assistance systems

August 29, 2014 // By Graham Prophet
Renesas Electronics’ R-Car V2H device offers high-resolution image recognition for safer driver assistance systems in conventional and emerging self-driving vehicles.

The R-Car V2H SoC implements advanced image recognition technology to support high-resolution surround viewing in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). This is the first R-Car ADAS device from Renesas and includes additional functionality for higher performance, lower power, and improved safety in traditional and emerging, self-driving, vehicles.

Renesas applied technology from its R-Car SoCs for automotive infotainment equipment and added high-performance image recognition and low-power consumption technologies in the development of the R-Car V2H. The R-Car V2H enables embedded system manufacturers to deliver high-resolution surround-view monitoring systems, with multiple cameras, for advanced point-of-view switching. This includes rear-view and surround-view capabilities that expand what is seen by the system to every direction around the vehicle, aiding in driver oversight prevention. These types of sophisticated systems demand substantially higher processing performance in order to handle the expanded range of image recognition targets and increased processing load imposed by multiple cameras with higher pixel counts. At the same time, there is demand for both functional safety, to maintain high quality and performance, and reduced power consumption. The rapidly increasing cost of software development creates a need for better development efficiency. The Renesas R-Car V2H addresses all of these requirements, Renesas claims, in a single-chip solution.

Features of the R-Car V2H SoC include;

- Integration of essential ADAS functions on a single chip and low power consumption - The R-Car V2H SoC incorporates the IMR, a core dedicated to viewpoint conversion, the Renesas IMP-X4 image recognition core, and a 3-D graphics core, all of which provide the imaging-related technologies needed to support ADAS requirements on vehicles targeting new government regulations and insurance safety ratings. The overall architecture of the R-Car V2H is optimised in order to reduce memory bandwidth usage and overall latency. Six IMR channels can each support a high-resolution camera where the combined output can produce high-definition surround view images. The IMP-X4, in combination with the CPU, offers high performance for real-time processing of image data as it is captured from the camera. The 3-D graphics core enables a human-machine interface (HMI) that can deliver high visibility and easy identification of hazards and is optimised to support texture mapping from the camera feeds. While integrating the above functionality on a single chip, the R-Car V2H device also incorporates functions to reduce power consumption to the levels required by automotive systems. This includes a system design that balances performance and power consumption, a power cutoff function for the integrated cores, and a DDR3-SDRAM power backup function.